Some items on the ingredients list of your favourite foods may sound like a chemical additive but are not.  It’s easy to be fooled; but these ingredients have been added to boost the nutritional content of the product:

alpha-tocopherol: a type of vitamin E. The version d-alpha-tocopherol (you may see it listed as d-alpha-tocopherol acetate) is the natural most biologically active form of vitamin E.  The synthetic version dl-alpha-tocopherol, is only half as effective as the natural form.

asorbic acid: vitamin C. 

biotin: a member of the B family of vitamins. 

calcium lactate: produced when lactic acid reacts with calcium carbonate.  This is a highly absorbable form of calcium.

copper gluconate: an absorbable form of copper.

cysnocobalamin: vitamin B12.

d-Calcium pantothenate: synthetically prepared from pantothenic acid and sold as a vitamin B5 supplement. 

ferrous fumarate: also known as iron (II) fumarate.

ferric orthophosphate: another form of iron.  It is added to food because it is colourless and odourless. 

magnesium oxide: a magnesium source. 

mixed tocopherols: see alpha-tocopherol.

niacinamide: vitamin B3.

pantothenic acid: vitamin B5

potassium iodide: this compound is formed by the combination of potassium and iodine and is represented by KI.

pyridoxine hydrochloride: vitamin B6.

riboflavin: vitamin B2.

silicon dioxide: also known as silica.

sodium selenite: this essential mineral is a salt and a source of the trace mineral selenium.

thiamine hydrochloride: a synthetic form of vitamin B1.

thiamine mononitrate: a form of vitamin B1.

tocopherols: see also alpha-tocopherol.

tricalcium phosphate: a form of calcium that occurs naturally in cow’s milk.

vitamin A palmitate: a synthetic form of vitamin A made with a combination of retinol (pure vitamin A) and palmitic acid (the acid found in palm oil) 

zinc oxide: a form of zinc.


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